Tomorrow’s a big day! Not only because it is a national holiday (which means everyone in the country will have a day off in the middle of the week), but mainly because history was made 106 years ago.
At October 5th, in 1910, after several years of confrontation between civilian and military, a revolution ended the monarchy system and started the republican regime. It was the will of the portuguese people reclaiming equality, stability and freedom for everyone.
Two years before, a portuguese king (D. Carlos) was murdered in Terreiro do Paço, Lisboa. As the carriage of the king passed by the square, a man with beard kneeled and aimed. A gun shot was heard as the bullet trespassed the neck of the king, killing him immediately. It was the sign everyone in the country needed to finally understand things had to change around here. It was only then, in 1910, that Manuel de Arriaga took place as the first president of the portuguese republic.
The fun fact is… the first attempt to bring monarchy down happened in 1891… in Porto!
It all began at the dawn of January 31st when a battalion of sergeants and civilians headed Praça da República to bring the monarchy down. Rioters were all around the city and started to descend Rua do Almada heading Praça da Liberdade (probably places you know by now). Unfortunately, it all ended with the guard firing rebels and civilians, killing several of them.
This is also why there’s a street in Porto called “31 de janeiro” – to remember the date of the events.
If you know Portugal today (and you love it as much as we do), we should all be thankful to those who, in the past century, made history.
So enjoy the holiday if you’re here with us… and think twice before you visit Porto. You truly are in a historical city!